IFR blog > Student questions > How to practice pentatonic scales
IFR Staircase exercise with half steps on tenor sax

In this video Miguel 'Pintxo' Villar demonstrates the IFR Staircase exercise on the tenor saxophone using the interval of the half step.

Visualizing the tonal map on the trumpet

"I have been practicing IFR for half a year and it's great how I am progressing! One of my obstacles is that I still imagine notes on a music staff instead of the tonal numbers. Is there any way to switch from one image to the other?"

How to visualize musical intervals on the flute

I just purchased your book from Amazon and would like to clarify a point. When the exercise says to visualize all five notes at once on my flute, does this mean the sound or the letter name of the note?

Should I start IFR on the clarinet or the piano?

"I have more experience on the piano but now my main interest is the clarinet. Do you think I should practice your method on the clarinet, on the piano or both?"

How does the IFR method apply to the bass?

I am a bass player with about 15 years of rock band experience whose first love has always been smooth jazz. I want to know if your book would help this bass player realize his goals of being able to improvise at will and gather a much better musical understanding.

Should I start with the video course or the e-book?

I'm debating whether I should buy the IFR e-book or the IFR Video Course for Guitar. Can you tell me what is included in each one, and what are the pros and cons of each?

Q&A - Hear notes relative to key or chord?

To understand music by ear, should we try to hear each note relative to the chord of the moment or relative to the overall key of the song?

IFR video lesson: Always be composing

In this video tutorial we demonstrate several examples of one of our favorite musical principles which is to use every musical exercise as an opportunity to practice telling musical stories through our playing.

IFR video lesson: How to master harmony

In this video I'll teach you an organized system for mastering harmony using our three integrated creative practices: improvising, composing and listening.

IFR video lesson: How to play what you hear - 5 great exercises

In this video lesson I show you five great ways to practice using the IFR Tonal Map to play the sounds you imagine.